DHS Center for Excellence

National Center for Border Security and Immigration - (http://www.borders.arizona.edu/)

Project 4.1 Border Security Risk Assessment and Mitigation Decision Framework

Balancing the level of acceptable risk with physical security technologies, cost, and appropriate countermeasures is one of the most challenging responsibilities DHS faces. How much security is enough? How should high-tech security systems be integrated into low-tech response? There are no ideal approaches for assessing and addressing security issues on the border or looking at responses from a quantified cost-benefit perspective. Evaluating cost effective security technologies is important because security competes with operations, maintenance, and other limited financial, staff, and material resources. Security costs should be in proportion to the value or criticality of the protected asset and the acceptable level of acceptable risk. Typically, a border agent relies on a "gut feeling" to decide where to allocate scarce security resources and to determine the amount of security needed. This is exacerbated by uncertainty about available security resources. This project will develop a decision framework to consider risk and risk mitigation that includes:

  • Characterization of border risks
  • Value or cost assessment of the risks
  • Policies
  • Mitigation systems including technology, policies, and procedures

Questions? Contact K. Larry Head, Ph.D. at larry@sie.arizona.edu

University of Arizona College of Engineering